At the same time, the Cold War also had a major impact on the literature and general discourse around co-operatives. From within the Soviet Union (Maslennikov, 1983) attempts where made to theorise the role of co-operatives in countries like Asia and Africa and how this linked with the global socialist system. Emphasis was also placed on understanding class formation in co-operatives, the nature of co-operative property, cooperatives in exchange and production, government and co-operatives (both in states with or without a capitalist orientation) and finally the training of experts in socialist countries.
Later on in the 80s and 90s, a policy orientated literature began emerging from the ILO, the World Bank and even the International Co-operative Alliance itself. With the advent of the Internet, the debate and study of co-operatives has become more textured. Comparative information is more easily available. Worker owned co-operatives have also been documented and these studies are available within this general pool of information.
This discussion paper draws from all the above sources.